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Businesses and their audiences were going online, and the Internet had a greater impact than ever before. And the first step for firms in this process of digitization and coming online was to build a website.

If you’re seeking website development services, you’re probably looking for front-end developers, back-end developers, and web designers. In this tutorial, we will be exploring in depth the foundations of front-end development, including the essential ideas and technologies.

Key front-end technologies

Most people see technology as something that allows for seamless performance. Art and aesthetics are not always related to technology. Front-end technologies, on the other hand, are employed in the digital world to develop aesthetically attractive user interfaces.

A developer/designer may leverage hundreds of front-end technologies for your web development project. Among them, we have listed the most popular and commonly used:

  • HTML

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is a key technology for front-end development. HTML organizes the components and instructs web browsers on how to display text, pictures, and other media and elements.

  • CSS

Cascading Style Sheets handle the aesthetic aspects while HTML constructs the components. It is in charge of color, typeface, and layout.

  • React

React is a Javascript toolkit used to construct user interfaces and UI components that were created and maintained by a small team of Facebook engineers.

  • Typescript

Typescript is a free and open programming language. It is a superset of Javascript developed by Microsoft that may be used on both the front and back ends since it is compiled to Javascript.

  • JQuery

JQuery, which debuted in 2006, was one of the earliest front-end technologies. It is a quick, compact, and feature-rich JS library that makes development easier by reducing the need to write lengthy code. It is also open-source and so free to use.

  • Bootstrap

Bootstrap is a CSS framework that serves as a toolset for developing responsive front-ends. It includes design templates and is mobile-first, allowing developers to effortlessly cater to mobile and online audiences.

The field of front-end development is vast. This aesthetic aspect of web development is associated with hundreds (if not thousands) of ideas. While working on any project, you and your developer should use these notions as a mental checklist.

User encounter

When it comes to front-end development, the objective should be to maximize user experience. Don’t start any front-end development project until you can firmly answer yes to the following:

  • The design would be acceptable to your grandparents.
  • The design will be appealing to your grandkids.
  • The design could not have been more standardized.
  • Performance

No matter how gorgeous your website is, if it takes too long to load, people will abandon it. Front end web development must optimize code for fast load times and high performance.

  • Design that is responsive

When creating a website/web app, you have no idea what device will be used to view it. Smaller gadgets and bigger displays (projectors in boardrooms) may be utilized in addition to desktops, laptops, tablets, and smartphones.

The front-end pieces should look great on every device and screen size. If you have a responsive design, this is doable.

  • Compatibility across browsers

There are several browsers from which consumers may pick. Chrome, Firefox, Edge, and Opera are just a few examples. However, each of these browsers has its own set of native components. Furthermore, not all of them support all of the components. You must choose the browsers that your solution should support based on your intended audience.

  • Accessibility

Shouldn’t your diversified user base be able to engage with the front-end elements? As a result, ensuring universal accessibility becomes a critical subject to consider.

Here’s a checklist to keep in mind:

    • Check that the screen reader can read the material on your website.
    • Make your website/app more accessible to the visually impaired.
    • Check to see whether people can still browse your site without using a mouse or keyboard.
  • Security

Front-end design and development must address security from two perspectives. One, the information entered by the user should be secure. Second, the method should not seem to be a disincentive to users. Any vulnerabilities and flaws should be found and repaired during the development stage.

Consistency

Front-end development entails more than simply creating a single page. In a single project, you may be looking at hundreds of pages and screens. It is also critical to maintaining uniformity in the appearance and feel of all of these pages.

It is usually best to specify the style and looks early on so that consistency may be maintained as the application/site grows.

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